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Les Clos - A List of the Walled Vineyards of Champagne


A clos champagne is a champagne which is made from the grapes of a single walled vineyard which creates a very special microclimate. Historically, a clos was an enclosed vineyard, surrounded by "a wall or a hedge that a horse could not jump over". Today there are 39 known clos in Champagne and some are synonymous with the most exclusive wines in the world, while others are some of the best kept secrets in fizz.



1. Clos des Goisses

Premier Cru


Located just outside the village of Mareuil sur Ay in the Montagne de Reims, the Clos des Goisses is a vineyard with an incline between 30 and 45 degrees, which has been represented by the name Gois or Goisse meaning 'a very steep slope'. Pierre Philipponnat pruchased the land in 1935 and quickly decided to buck the blending trends in Champagne and showcase its potential as a single vineyard wine. This became the original "clos champagne" and therefore had to be first on the list.


Owner of the Clos: Champagne Philipponnat

Cuvée of the Clos: Clos des Goisses, Les Cintres, Petits Cintres

Size of the plot: 5.5 ha

Grape Variety: Pinot Noir

Price (€): 140 - 240 depending on the vintage

Bottles per Vintage: 3,000 - 11,000 bottles



 

2. Clos du Mesnil

Grand Cru


Purchased in 1971, the walled plot in the heart of the Le Mesnil sur Oger led to what has now become a House of Krug legend. Before its acquisition by Rémi and Henri Krug, 5th generation of the Krug family the plot was tended to by grower Jules Taris who sold the grapes to Salon. Krug Clos du Mesnil, the rarest of the house's range, has showcased the unique character of a single plot of Chardonnay since the 1979 vintage.


Owner of the Clos:

Cuvée of the clos:

Krug Clos du Mesnil

Size of the plot:

1.84 ha

Grape Variety:

Chardonnay

Price (€):

1,100 - 2,200 depending on the vintage

Bottles per Vintage:

8,000-14,000



 

3. Clos d'Ambonnay

Grand Cru


Owned by Henri Petitjean, in the 1970s there were no vines planted here and it was just an enclosed garden with walls built around it. In the late 1980s, the Petitjean family took a financial decision and sold their winery building to Charles Heidsieck who was then the owner of Rémy Cointreau and Krug brands. Thus, Rémy purchased the property in 1994 and Krug was later brought by LVMH (Louis Vuitton Moët Hennessy) in 1999. The walled plot is situated on the edge of the village, on the south-eastern slope of the Montagne de Reims. The first Krug Clos d’Ambonnay was made in 1995 and revealed it in 2007 with a production of only 3,000 bottles. The Clos d'Ambonnay is made in typical Krug style aged in oak barrels. Thus, anybody can produce an Ambonnay wine with the access to the right grapes but only Krug can produce a Clos d'Ambonnay.


Owner of the Clos:

Cuvée of the clos:

Krug Clos d'Ambonnay

Size of the plot:

0.68 ha

Grape Variety:

Pinot Noir

Price (€):

2,787.70

Bottles per Vintage:

5,100 bottles





 


4. Clos Cazals

Grand Cru



Tucked away in the Mesnil-sur-Oger, a Grand Cru village that is located in the Côte des Blancs just south of Epernay, it makes for an ecxeptional cuvee first separated from the other crus by Delphine and her father in 1995.


Owner of the Clos: Champagne Cazals Claude

Cuvée of the clos: The Clos Cazals and The Chapelle du Clos

Size of the plot: 3.70 ha

Grape Variety: Chardonnay

Price (€): 110 - 140 depending on the vintage



 

5. Clos des Bouveries

Premier Cru and Grand Cru


Clos des Bouveries, overlooking the village of Vertus, is an ancient plot of land belonging to the Duval-Leroy family, with a mid-slope east-facing position. The estate is a family treasure that Duval-Leroy strives to protect and enrich with all efforts to guarantee the continuity of the house style. From a single plot and from a single grape variety, Clos des Bouveries is partially fermented in oak barrels to contribute fine woody notes and partially fermented in stainless steel tanks for mineral purity.



Owner of the Clos:

Cuvée of the clos:

Clos des Bouveries

Size of the plot:

about 2 ha

Grape Variety:

Chardonnay

Price (€):

96

Bottles per Vintage:

15,000 bottles


 


6. Clos du Moulin

Premier Cru


The Cattier family first started planting vines in Chigny-les-Roses, in the heart of the Montagne de Reims, in 1625. The winery has since been passed down through 12 generations. Their 33 hectares of vines are mostly in and around Chigny-les-Roses, Ludes and Rilly-la-Montagne, right in the heart of the Montagne de Reims. Clos du Moulin are is one of the Champagne's two historic walled vineyards and is located on the sunny slopes of the Montagne de Reims near Chigny-les-Roses.


Owner of the Clos:

Cuvée of the clos:

Clos du Moulin

Size of the plot:

2.2 ha

Grape Variety:

Pinot Noir & Chardonnay

Price (€):

50 - 100

Bottles per Vintage:

15,000 bottles